Dam proponents are promoting Sardar Sarover as \"the lifeline of Gujarat.\" They say the project will irrigate large swathes of land, gener- ate electricity and provide drinking water to the thirsty cities of this dry state in western India. If completed, the project will displace more than 300,000 people, including many indigenous communities in the Narmada Valley. The World Bank approved US$450 million in loans for Sardar Sarovar in 1985 even though the project did not comply with the government\'s conditional environmental clearance. Under strong public pressure, the World Bank withdrew from the Narmada Valley in 1993. India\'s Supreme Court ordered the project to be suspended in 1995, but later allowed construction to continue under the condition that the displaced people were properly rehabilitated.
The Narmada myths
by Peter Bosshard, Frontier, 05 April, 2009
Change in scope of the project The proposal to build this huge length of embankments was clearly not part of the original proposal for clearance for the project. The EIA and EMP used for the public hearing and also the ones submitted before the clearance given by MEF on 25.10.2005 and 25.4.2006 did not include the proposal to build the embankments now proposed to be built in Orissa and Chhattisgarh. The proposal to build the embankments changes the basic scope of the project. Hence the new project proposal must go through fresh EIA and EMP and also public hearings in all affected districts including in Orissa and Chhattisgarh as per the EIA notification of 2006, before the project can be reconsidered for EC. Hence the current application should be rejected. 2. Land required in Orissa and Chhattisgarh A very large area of land will be required for the embankments, which includes:v For Embankment For the land on which the embankment is to be built, including freeboard, we estimate that at least 425 ha of land will be required in the two states of Orissa and Chhattisgarh v. For mining of materials required for the embankments over 10 million cubic meters of homogenous soil of suitable quality and at least 1.1 million cubic meters of metal (coarse and fine) is required. The mining sources for these materials are yet to be identified. However, it will require large quantity of land for mining of this material, which will be over 100 ha.
Objections to EC for Polavaram Multi Purpose Project
by Swarup Bhattacharya, The India Water Portal, 13 February, 2009
Methane emission from Indian Large Dams This study estimates that total methane emissions from India’s large dams could be 33.5 million tonnes (MT) per annum, including emissions from reservoirs (1.1MT), spillways (13.2 MT) and turbines of hydropower dams (19.2 MT). Total generation of methane from India’s reservoirs could be 45.8 MT.The difference between the figures of methane generation and emissionis due to the oxidation of methaneas it rises from the bottom of a reservoir to its surface.
19% of India’s Global Warming emissionsfrom Large Dams Myth of large hydro being clean shattered (again)
by , Dams, Rivers And People, 18 May, 2007
A map of Alaknanda river basin, with locations and available details about the various hydropower projects and dams, existing, under construction and planned in the basin is given on page 5 of this issue. Alaknanda meets Bhagirathi at Dev Prayag and from there Ganga emerges. During the last few months we have seen some justifiable concerns about the fate of the Ganga River, but unfortunately, those concerns were limited to Bhagirathi river and that too upstream of Dharasu in Uttarakhand.
Fate of Alaknanda worse than that of Bhagirathi
by SANDRP, Dams, Rivers & People, 01 February, 2009
Bagmati is an important River of Bihar, which descends down the Himalayas and enters India in the Sitamarhi district of Bihar. The capital of Nepal,Kathmandu, is located on its bank. Its basin is among the most fertile regions of the world, which is mainly attributed to the silt that the river brings along with its flows. The river joins the Kosi near Badla Ghat in Khagaria district Bihar. It has a total catchment area of 13,279 sq. km. Of which 6,246 is located in India and the rest lies in Nepal. The ground slope through which the river passes in the Indian portion is almost flat and ranges from 0.87 meters per kilometer near Indo-Nepal border and in lower reaches; it gets flattened to about 0.07 meters per kilometer. Heavy silt load and flat gradient of land causes meandering of the river in the Indian plains which results in seasonal hardship to the people living in its basin.
The Return Of Embankments On The Bagmati
by Dinesh Kumar Mishra, Barh Mukti Abhiyan, 01 February, 2007