By Subodh Verma, Times of India, 22 Jan 2011
The three main factors of farm suicides are (a) the comprehensive agrarian crisis encompassing income/profitability, employment generation productivity and production. (b) pre-existing, fragile conditions of agriculture characterised by low levels of development of productive forces, persistence of highly exploitative production relations and high levels of inequalities and imbalances. (c) absence of alternate avenues of employment and livelihood options.
Between January 2008 and December 2010, retail prices in 33 cities set a blistering pace of increase. Rice prices rose by 42 per cent, tur dal by 46 percent, wheat by 30 per cent. Onion prices jumped by a jaw dropping 198 percent and potato by 37 per cent.Traders were pocketing profits at the rate of about 135 per cent but as the profit margins show, the bulk of the mark-up is occurring not at the farmers' level but at the traders' level after the farmer has sold his produce at the wholesale mandi.
India needs at least 280 million tonnes of food grains by 2020 going by current population growth trends. That works out to about 2 per cent growth in production every year. The average growth rate in the past decade has been just 0.48 per cent.
- - Make sure no one goes hungry
- - Expand Social protection measures
- - Enhance the status and incomes of women
- - Invest in small-scale sustainable agriculture to boost production and incomes
- - Support women farmers and producers
- - Scale up mitigation, adaptation, financing and technology in response to climate change
- - Regulate agribusiness
- - Trade deals must protect rural livelihoods
- - End targets and subsidies for biofuels
- - Stop speculation in international commodities future markets
Agribusiness vs. food security: The food crisis and the IFIs by , Share The World's Resources, 21 June, 2008
The Effect of the Food Crisis on Women and Their Families by , Global Policy Forum, 01 May, 2008
Hunger and inequality by Prasenjit Chowdhury, The Hindu, 14 November, 2008