The NCAER-PIF study on Evaluating Performance of NREGA show that the NREGA prescribes a too rigid framework of implementation and the procedures are also complex. The whole implementation process has become very bureaucratic, involving lot of paper work and causing undue delays.

Making NREGA work better: a brief note, Public Interest Foundation, 01 May 2009

 


Green Revolution: Commodity-centred increase in productivity. Evergreen Revolution: increasing productivity in perpetuity without associated ecological harm.

Farming system based agronomy.

Change in plant architecture, and harvest index. Organic Agriculture: cultivation without any use of chemical inputs like mineral fertilizers and chemical pesticides.
Change in the physiological rhythm – insensitive to photoperiodism. Green Agriculture: cultivation with the help of integrated pest management, integrated nutrient supply and integrated natural resource management systems.

For most small farmers, green agriculture will be the most feasible form of eco-agriculture. Crop-livestock integrated systems of production will be ideal for organic farming. More research is needed on nitrogen fixing tree species and shrubs, as well as green manure plants.
Beyond the green revolution

by M.S. Swaminathan, Seminar, September 2008


Since the Bengal Famine of 1943, the nation has been clamouring for self-sufficiency in foodgrain production. The Swaraj Government has been promising to achieve this goal but has failed so far. In fact it has been pursuing policies which militate against this objective, such as the policy of ‘integrated production’, of demanding a simultaneous increase in the production not only of foodgrains, but also of cotton, jute, oil-seeds and sugarcane! At the same time, it has refused to accept the policy of guaranteeing the payment of remunerative prices for foodgrains on the plea that urban consumers, and especially industrial workers, would have to pay more for their food. It is argued that this would create discontent among industrial workers and complicate the business of industrialization.
What is wrong with official policy
by N. G. Ranga, Seminar, 01 September, 2008


* Reproduced from ‘Food For Forty Crores’, Seminar 2, October 1959, pp. 12-15.