The \'green revolution\' has\' increased the total food production in the country from 55 million tonnes of food grains during the fifties to 209 million tonnes in recent years. Both basic and applied agricultural research are responsible for this endeavour. Agricultural Universities, State Department of Agriculture, ICAR and other private agencies have got themselves involved in this process. Most of the agricultural research till date has however concentrated on improving cereals, while oil seeds and pulses have not received much attention.
High yields
by S M Shanthaveerabhadraiah, The Deccan Herald, 04 November, 2003
These reforms are, indeed, badly needed. For,the Indian Council for AgriculturalResearch (ICAR) that controls, directlyor indirectly, the entire public sectoragricultural research and educationnetwork is not only slipping into thehands of bureaucrats but its professionalism is also under threat.
Research under threat
by Surinder Sud, The Business Standard, 24 August, 2004
WHILE the importance of agricultural research in paving the way for a second green revolution is well known, agriculture today suffers from lack of funds and low productivity. Not only is the investment intensity in agricultural research and education (R&E) low, the share of states in R&E funding has been falling. Though private sector participation in the share of funding has increased dramatically and this is good news for agricultural research, much greater public-private participation is required for the benefits to be widespread. Investment intensity in R&E in India, or more simply the amount spent in research as a proportion of the sector\'s GDP, stands at 0.34%, among the lowest when compared to other developing countries.
Agri research needs a leg up
by Vidhika Sehgazl, The Economic Times, 08 May, 2006
The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) is celebrating its centenary this year. But it actually came into beingnearry 208 years ago, in 1797, as a horse breeding station of the East India Company at a remote Bihar village called Pusa, located on the bank of River Gandak. The company needed well- bred horses for its officers to. move about but the avian breeders went a step further and began working on horse fodder, too. They introduced the oats crop for this purpose in 1807.
From horse breeding to satellite imagery
by Surinder Sud, The Business Standard, 18 March, 2005
ENSURING food and nutrition security of more than a billion people is a great challenge for India today. It requires increased production of grains, pulses, oil-seeds, vegetables, fruits, milk, poultry, fish and meat, making the produce available to the people at affordable prices, and seeing that the food consumed is absorbed and assimilated by the population. The first step, of course, is to produce more food, despite dwindling re-sources. As India has gone global, there is also the threat to Indian farmers, especially after the removal on 1 April 2001 of most of the quantitative restrictions on imports on agricultural products and consumer goods, from large-scale imports of food grains and processed foods of all kinds, at prices they cannot match.
Mapping agricultural research in India: A profile based on CAB Abstracts 1998
by Subbiah Arunachalam and K. Umarani, Current Science, 01 June, 2006